What Are Bed Bugs?
Bed bugs are tiny creatures that feed on the blood of humans or animals. They tend to stick around beds and other fabric items in homes, thus their name. Adult bed bugs can grow up to 1/4 of an inch. Bed bugs can move quickly between walls, floors, and other small areas. You might not notice them until you see them in your bed! Bed bug eggs are as tiny as a speck of dust, so they are nearly impossible to detect, and baby bed bugs, called nymphs, will grow rapidly once they hatch from the eggs.
Once the nymph hatches, it grows to adult size within about a month. Bed bugs shed their skin as they grow. In order to effectively shed their skin, bed bugs need to feed on humans or pets before they can shed their excess skin. Bed bugs tend to be about the size of an apple seed when they’re fully grown and are round and flat unless they recently have fed. Bed bugs are usually reddish brown and have oval flat bodies. Female bed bugs can produce 5 eggs a day. With those types of numbers, bed bugs can produce three or more generations of offspring bed bugs in a single year; they do spread rapidly once they appear in a home.
Bed bugs can be carried into a home on someone’s clothes, or in and on their luggage. It doesn’t take much for an infestation to begin. Bed bugs usually start out living in the tiny crevices of mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards. They prefer to be somewhere hidden, but with easy access to their food source. If they are in a bed, they will bite those who are sleeping in the bed, causing small red welts. Marks can appear on any part of the body but can be typically seen on your ankles. As they settle into an area, they can spread to other parts of the room, then to other rooms inside the home or building.